Township government is an optional form of local government established in 1849 for a rural agrarian community of farmers and settlers. In the mid-eighteen hundreds, travel was by foot, horseback or buggy over dirt roads. A trip to the county seat could take a day or more. Also, during this period, citizens did not have the advantages of 21st century technology of email, texting, computers, smartphones and much more. Now, in the 21st century, rural agrarian areas have evolved into urban and suburban communities where city and county governments are the governments that citizens rely on for their local services. Illinois has 1,300 municipal governments and 102 county governments, thus making townships an unnecessary tax burden.